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HARPLINGE WINDMILL

Harplinge Windmill is one of the largest "Smock" mills left standing in Northern Europe and it's an important landmark in the small village of Harplinge. Smock mills are unique in such way that the top floor can rotate 360 degrees, depending on where the wind is blowing from. This technique was introduced in the end of 19th century. Harplinge Windmill represents one of the latest generations of windmills and it's also one of the most technically advanced.


Photo Gallery
Construction plan

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HISTORY

Harplinge Windmill is the oldest and best preserved building in Harplinge and is of great importance as a symbol for the village and the surroundings. It was built in 1895 by Gustaf von Segebaden who decided to build the windmill close to the railway and near to the small hill Aggeredsberget that offered a good height. Until 1930 severals owners were in charge of the windmill.



ARNOFF PERSSON


In 1932, Arnoff Persson becomes the new owner of the windmill and he makes several renovations. He modernized the machinery and the wind power was replaced with electricity. The great spur wheel and many other components was removed. Arnoff Persson made one part of the storage to his home, also close to the mill a cleanser for seeds was installed. When Arnoff Persson died in 1954 the windmill was renovated and fully functional.



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BERTIL SVENSSON

In 1954, Bertil Svensson rented the windmill and he moved in. Four years later, in 1960, he bought the windmill and modernized the machinery once again, the council of Harplinge gave him a financial support to renovate the mill for cultural purposes. The renovation was made by Harry Johansson from Jonstorp. The balcony was totally rebuilt with pressure treated wood. The small bridge to the fantail was rebuilt with stronger materials, now using iron. The sails that suffered from rust where polished and repainted. In 1967 the wife of Bertil Svensson, Ulla, had an flour allergy and therefore the production stopped. A big part of the machinery was sold and the mill now became a paint shop.
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RENOVATION 1996 - 2001

In the beginning of the 1990's the windmill suffered from very bad conditions and it was close to being demolished. A renovation project started with the purpose of restoring the windmill to its original appearance and function. Traditional materials and methods where used. Several parts of the machinery where missing and new parts where made or bought. The sails with the iron construction where most probably installed in the 1930's, they where in bad conditions and new sails made of wood was installed. The purpose was not only to renovate the machinery and the function but also to renovate the exterior. The project called "Hallandsmodellen" was a regional cooperation between Länsarbetsnämnden, Länsstyrelsen and Hallands länsmuseer.

harplinge vaderkvarn


SINCE 2010, PRIVATE OWNERS

In january of 2010, the artists Mikael Ericsson and Julijana Nemeti bought the windmill with the purpose of preserving the building and opening a laboratory for contemporary art. They made an inspection that showed that the windmill was in good condition but maintenance was need to not fall back to where it was in the 1990's. The first thing to be repaired was the 360 degrees rotating floor. When this part of the windmill is not working then the sails can't turn to the wind.

HARP ART LAB

The plans for an art laboratory came true when the pizzeria, that was renting a part of the windmill, moved out in april of 2011. The new owners had now the total control of the 800 square meters of area and a renovation started. The laboratory is developing and it's planned to be finished in 2014.

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RENOVATION OF THE SAILS 2012

In the summer of 2012 a renovation of the sails is going to start, with the collaboration of Länsstyrelsen Halland and Kulturmiljö Halland. The renovation includes cleaning the sails from moss and fungus. The construction of the sails will also be supervised, nails, screws and other part will be replaced if necessary. The machinery of the windmill will be checked since it has not been used for many years. The goal of this renovation is to make it possible for the windmill to grind flour, therefore every single part of the machinery will be checked and replaced if it's not working.

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MILLOPHONIA

Harp Art Lab presents a site specific sound installation for Harplinge windmill. The machinery of the windmill have been connected to a self playing pipe organ that produces sounds from the wind.

The Swedish artist Mikael Ericsson have been working on this
large
scale installation for two years. The main idea is to give the windmill a completely new function and identity.
Over 300 organ pipes have been connected to a self-playing, mechanical machine with moving parts that vary from a few millimeters to over 20 meters. The Millophone will be a permanent installation.

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Harp Art Lab | Sweden